№5|2016

DRINKING WATER SUPPLY

bbk 000000

UDC 628.179

GALPERIN E. M.

Water leaks in the distribution network

Summary

Ensuring the integrity of a water distribution network with hundreds kilometers of pressure pipelines laid underground sometimes in corrosive soil and ground water is practically impossible. Leaks in the water distribution network are a permanent element of the network operation and maintenance. Drinking water losses during transportation pose a tangible economic damage to water providers, contribute to underground water level increase, and sometimes produce an adverse environmental effect. The operation personnel carry out continuous work on eliminating water leaks. Water leak control in the distribution network is an essential part of operation and maintenance. The information on water leaks amount and water losses in certain countries of the world is presented. Detailed description of the experience in preventing leaks in the Tokyo water distribution network with the lowest in the world water leak level is presented.

Key words

, , , ,

The further text is accessible on a paid subscription.
For authorisation enter the login/password.
Or subscribe

REFERENCES

  1. [Method of determining unaccounted-for water and water losses in public water supply systems]. ZhKKh: Zhurnal Rukovoditelia i Glavnogo Bukhgaltera, 2006, no. 1, 2, 51 p. (In Russian).
  2. Lerner A. D. [Unaccounted-for water in public water supply and wastewater systems]. Vodosnabzhenie i Sanitarnaia Tekhnika, 2005, no. 4, pp. 9–12. (In Russian).
  3. Lerner A. D., Domnin K. V., Boiko S. V., Kochetova M. G. [Justification of unaccounted-for water in water supply and wastewater management systems]. Vodosnabzhenie i Sanitarnaia Tekhnika, 2012, no. 7, pp. 64–70. (In Russian).
  4. Hiroki Ariyoshi. Strategy for water leakage control in Japan. JWA Workshop of Water & Energy and Water Loss, 2014, 14 p.
  5. Beuken R. H. S., Lavooij C. S. W., Bosch A., Schaap P. G. Low leakage in the Netherlands Confirmed: Proceedings of the 8th Annual Water Distribution Systems Analysis Symposium (ASCE). USA, Cincinnati, 2006.
  6. Beecher J. A. Survey of State Agency Water Loss Reporting Practices. AWWA, Colorado, USA, 2002, 10 p.
  7. OFWAT. Service and delivery-performance of the water companies in England and Wales 2009–10 report. OFWAT. UK, 2010.
  8. Fantozzi M. Italian case study in applying IWA WLTF approach: results obtained: Eds. J. Thornton, R. Sturm, G. Kunkel. Water Loss Control. New York, McGraw-Hill, 2008, pp. 421–432.
  9. Marques R. C., Monteiro A. J. Application of performance indicators to control loses- results from the Portuguese water sector. Water Science and Technology: Water Supply, 2003, № 3 (1,5), pp. 127–133.
  10. Kanakoudis V., Tsitsifli S. Results of an urban water distribution network performance evaluation attempt in Greece. Urban Water Journal, 2010, № 7 (5), pp. 267–285.
  11. Carpenter Т., Lambert A., McKenzie R. Applying the IWA approach to water loss performance indicators in Australia. Water Science and Technology: Water Supply, 2003, № 3 (1/2), pp. 153–161.
  12. Zechner F. Time for a change. The Undergrounder, Ontario Sewer and Watermain Construction Association, 2007, p. 9.
  13. ADB. Every Drop Counts: Learning from Good Practices in Eight Asian Cities. Asian Development Bank, Manila, 2010.
  14. Cheung P. B., Girl G. V. Night now analysis and modeling for leakage estimation in a water distribution system. Integrating Water Systems: Eds. Boxall, Maksimovic. Taylor and Francis Group, London, 2009.
  15. Babic B., Dukin A., Stanic M. Managing water pressure for water savings in developing countries. Serbia, University of Belgrade, 2014, pp. 122–132.
  16. Welcome to Bureau of Waterworks, Tokyo Metropolitan Government. For Water Professionals, 2013. https://www.waterprofessionals. metro.tokyo.jp/ (accessed 22.04.2016).
  17. Mutikanga H. E. Water loss management: Tool and for development countries. Dissertation of degree of doctor to be defended. The Netherlands, June 4, 2012.
  18. Prevention of Water Leakage in Tokyo. Bureau of Waterworks, Tokyo Metropolitan Government, 2014.
  19. Leakage Prevention in Tokyo. Bureau of Waterworks, Tokyo Metropolitan Government, 2015.

vstmag engfree 200x100 2

mvkniipr ru

Российская ассоциация водоснабжения и водоотведения

Конференция итог

ecw20 200 300

VAK2